Most 17 common easy HIV symptoms in men & female
What is HIV/AIDS ?
The word “AIDS” stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. This means deficiency of immune system, acquired during the lifetime of an individual indicating that it is not a congenital disease. The hiv symptoms in men is very dangerous. ‘Syndrome means a group of symptoms.
AIDS/HIV was first notified in 1981 and in the last twenty-five years or so, it has spread all over the world killing more than 30 million persons. AIDS is caused by the Human Immuno deficiency Virus (HIV). member of a group of viruses called retrovirus, which has an envelope enclosing the RNA genome.
HIV-infection generally occurs by
(a) sexual contact with an infected person,
(b) by transmission of contaminated blood and blood products
(c) by chains infected needles as in the case of intravenous drug abusers
(d) from sexual partners,
HIV Symptoms in men and female
According to centers for disease control and prevetion (CDC),in 2016, an approximated 39,782 people were diagnosed with HIV in the U.S.
A higher number of men than women are affected form HIV?AIDS. By the end of 2010, 76% of all people with the HIV in the U.S. were male.
Individuals who require repeated blood transfusions and children born to an HIV infected mother. It is important to note that HIV/AIDS is not spread by touch or physical contact; it spreads only through body fluids. hence, it is imperative, for the physical and psychological well-being, that the HIV or AIDS infected persons are not isolated from family and society. There is always a time-lag between the infection and condition of AIIDS symptoms. This period may vary from a few months to many years (usually 5-10 years).
Some common HIV symptoms in men (Early stage)
- Cold or flu-like symptoms
- Skin rashes and skin sores
- Lack of energy
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Menstrual change. etc
Some advanced HIV symptoms in men (middle stage)
- Nausea and vomiting
- weight loss
- joint pain
- shortness of breath (respiratory system)
- infections in many parts. etc
In lateral stages( hiv symptoms in men and female)
- mental problem
- Memory loss
- confusion or neurological disorders. etc
After getting into the body of the person, the virus enters into macrophages where RNA genome of the virus replicates to form viral DNA with the enzyme reverse transcriptase.
This viral DNA gets combined into the host cell’s DNA and regulates the infected cells to produce virus particles. The macrophages continue to produce viruses and in this way acts like a HIV factory. T-lymphocytes (T), replicates and produce progeny viruses.
The viruses released in the blood and attack the other helper T-lymphocytes. This is repeated leading to a progressive decrease of the number of helper T. lymphocytes in the body of the infected person.
During this stage, the infectious person’s body shows the HIV/Aids symptoms and suffers from bouts of fever, diarrhea and weight loss.
Due to decrease in the number of helper T lymphocytes, the person starts suffering from infections. that could have been otherwise overcome such as those due to bacteria especially Mycobacterium, viruses, fungi and even parasites like Toxoplasma. T
he patient becomes so immuno-deficient that he/she is unable to defend himself/herself against these infections. A widely used diagnostic test for AIDS is enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA).
Treatment of AIDS with anti-retroviral drugs is only partly effective. They can only hold the life of the patient but cannot prevent death, which is inevitable.
Prevention of HIV/AIDS:
As AlDS has no cure, prevention is the best option. Moreover, HIV infection, more often, spreads due to conscious behavior patterns and is not something that happens inadvertently, like pneumonia or typhoid. Of course, infection in blood transfusion patients, new-borns (from mother) etc., may take place due to bad monitoring. The only excuse may be ignorance and it has been rightly said – “don’t die of ignorance”.
Steps of government
In INDIA the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are doing a lot to educate people about AlIDS. WHO has started a number of programmes to stop the spreading of HIV infection.
Making blood (from blood banks) safe from HIV, assuring the use of only disposable needles and syringes in all health cares, free distribution of condoms, controlling drug abuse, promoting safe sex and developing regular check-up of HIV in sensitive populations, these are some steps taken up.
Infection with HIV should not be hidden – since then, the infection may spread to many more people HIV/AIDS-infected people need help and sympathy instead of being ignored by society or the peoples.
Unless society recognizes it as a problem to be distributed with in a collective manner – the chances of a wider spread of the disease increase manifold. It is a disease that can only be tackled, by the help of society and medical fraternity acting together, to prevent the spread of the disease.